Share Share Share November 12, 2016 Health & Beauty Pneumonia: Symptoms and Risk Factors November 12 is World Pneumonia Day Pneumonia is a swelling or inflammation of one or both lungs, usually caused by an infection. This infection may cause the lung(s) to fill with fluid or pus and result in a cough (with phlegm/mucus or pus), fever, chills, and difficulty breathing. Pneumonia can be caused by germs such as air-borne bacteria (ie, Streptococcus pneumoniae) and viruses or fungi. (Infectious Pneumonia Infographic: Mikael Häggström, used with permission) Pneumonia can be a life-threatening illness and is a leading cause of death for seniors, older adults over the age of 65, people with chronic diseases, or weakened immune systems. Symptoms of Pneumonia Mild pneumonia symptoms are similar to a cold or flu, but are longer lasting. Seniors and the elderly may have lower than normal body temperature, or show signs of confusion or changes in mental awareness. Other common symptoms of pneumonia may include any or all of the following conditions: Shortness of breath Coughing which may include phlegm/mucus (yellow-green in color) Chest pain when breathing or coughing Fatigue, tiredness Fever, sweating and chills Nausea, vomiting, or diarrhoea Pneumonia Risk Factors You have an increased risk of developing pneumonia if you have/are exposed to these risk factors: Aging - People age 65 or older, seniors and the elderly (and children under age 2) are at the highest risk for developing pneumonia. Hospitalization - People who have had recent surgery, or are in the intensive care unit of a hospital, especially those on a ventilator; . Chronic diseases of the heart or lungs - People with asthma, COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease), or heart disease. Smoking - Smoke damage the body's defenses against bacteria and viruses that cause pneumonia. Weakened immune system - Suppressed or weakened immune systems due to use of long-term steroids, chemotherapy, organ transplants, or HIV/AIDS. Pneumonia Prevention You have a better chance of preventing pneumonia from developing if you: Stop smoking Wash your hands thoroughly and frequently Discard used kleenex/tissues Get the flu shot each year Avoid people who are sick, and don't share their cups or eating utensils Get the pneumococcal shot if your doctor recommends it When To See Your Doctor or Go to the Hospital See your doctor promptly if you are over the age of 65, a senior, or have the other risk factors noted above, and your symptoms include any of the following: Difficulty breathing Chest pain Fever of 39C or 102F that doesn't go away Cough that doesn't go away (especially if you are coughing up pus) Resources: The Mayo Clinic The Lung Association Consult your doctor or medical professionals about any health concerns or illnesses. This article on Senior City is for informational purposes only. It is not intended to rehabilitate, diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any condition or disease.